As the name suggests, a sump pump is the pump used to remove water from sumps usually found at the basement of the house. It serves to keep the basement and foundations of the house dry to prevent seepage which not only damages the building, but even the repair work may turn out to be very costly. The issue is very common in houses where the water table lies above the foundation of the house or in areas which have heavy rainfall. It also becomes very vital when the snow begins to melt and there is a chance of flooding. Its main job is to pull the water out of the pit at the basement of your house and drain it to the garden or any other area away from the house.
A sump pump may sit in your house for a long period of time, unused and untouched; but when you need it, you need it immediately. Though it does not need a very high level of care and repair, it is better to keep it in checked and maintained to avoid any hassle later. Here are a few things that need to be taken care of:
1. Check the power cord:
It is safer to check the power supply for the pump when t is not in use. Make sure the power supply is working properly and the cord is in adequate condition. Reset the GFCI and Do check the circuit breaker every once in a while for proper functioning. It would be helpful for safe work with your machine and better for both you and your set up also.
2. Make sure it is properly fixed:
Too much use over a certain period of time may cause the shaft to tilt or move from its original position. Make sure it is set in its upright position, and fix immediately if not. Because whenever a sump pump is not properly fixed or has a fault in placement or has a drifting place then it could be dangerous as well as disturbing for the functionality as well as the efficiency of the sump pump. Correct installation and placement are the basics of making a sump pump work at its best.
3. Checking the float valve:
A float valve is the key component of a sump pump. In automatic sump pumps, the float determines when the pimp is switched on/off. As the water in the pit rises and touches the float, it turns the pump on to drain the water out of the pit. Every so often, pour water in the pit to make sure that the float starts automatically and shuts off when this water is drawn off. If it does, well and good, and if it does not, get it mended.
4. Lubrication of its parts:
Do check the pump bearings if they require any lubrication and oiling. Your user’s manual will give you adequate information about your specific model.
5. Cleaning the pit:
The soil, mud and debris from the water is the major cause of clogging and faulty floats. The problem is far greater in areas which have heavy rainfall and there is a greater probability of floods. The excess amount of trash may greatly affect the efficiency of the pump. So, it needs to be cleaned regularly, especially when the pump is in continuous use. Cleaning the pump would result into increased efficiency through eliminating any debris or scales and also if there is muddy water to be pumped you should be cleaning it regularly.
6. Servicing the pump:
It is greatly suggested to remove the pump from the sump at least once in a year and get it cleaned thoroughly, so it can last for longer years. Through this practice your sump pump would serve you long terms without getting you into too many hassles and would be more efficient as its power would get lost with the passage of time.
7. Cleaning the screen and the impeller:
If you find the pump does not working properly, check it for any debris stuck inside the impeller. Remove the pump and disassemble it and clean the impeller and fix it again.
All these tips may help to give your pump a longer life and your house a better safety.